May 19, 2021. While many countries have strengthened their seed and seedling production and supply systems, there remains a significant gap between the needs of national restoration programs and the existing capacity to collect, germinate, nurture and distribute a biodiverse pool of native trees on a large scale. These systems must also be adequately supported by policy and regulatory frameworks to achieve their objectives.
Against this backdrop, on May 19, at a session of the Annual Partners Meeting of the 20x20 Initiative, several qualified experts from Latin America shared their knowledge and lessons learned on the importance of seed and native plant production systems for landscape restoration, as well as on the challenges and opportunities in the region to improve seed and seedling supply systems for native species.
The session, which was attended by more than 200 people, was moderated by Muhammad Ibrahim, Director General of CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center); Manuel Acevedo, from the Chilean Forestry Institute (INFOR,its Spanish acronym), and Pedro León, from the National Agricultural Research Institute of Chile (INIA, its Spanish acronym), as keynote speakers; and Evert Thomas, from Peru, Hariet López, from Guatemala, and Fátima Pina, from Brazil, as panelists.
In addition, at the beginning of the session, María Emilia Undurraga, Minister of Agriculture of Chile, and Roberto Munuta, Director of the National Forestry Corporation (CONAF,its Spanish acronym) of Chile, commented on the National Landscape Scale Restoration Plan 2021-2030 that the South American country is seeking to implement in order to recover 1 million hectares by 2030 in landscapes with social, economic and environmental vulnerability, in accordance with the country's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).
Among the main topics discussed in this session were the policies that countries are implementing to restore landscapes and achieve multiple objectives. Also, among the challenges mentioned were the temporal and spatial variation of seed quality and mother plant banks for production, as well as the impact of climate change on plant phenology, mortality and risks from forest fires.
In addition, examples of how incentive systems have promoted forest protection in Guatemala to conserve important seeds were presented.
The Initiative 20x20 is a country-led effort to protect and begin restoring 50 million hectares of land in Latin America and the Caribbean by 2030. CATIE, under the leadership of the World Resources Institute (WRI), and together with the Bioversity-CIAT Alliance and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is part of the technical committee of this initiative, which was created during the Conference of the Parties (COP20) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and supports the goals launched under the Bonn Challenge and the New York Declaration on Forests.
The 20x20 Initiative's Annual Partners Meeting takes place May 18-20 and convenes a network of more than 125 partners to demonstrate how nature-based solutions, such as ecosystem restoration, can combat climate change and create a more sustainable and productive land use sector across Latin America and the Caribbean.
More information/Written by:
Karla Salazar Leiva
Information Technology and Communication